In this series of posts on Predictive Maintenance, we will discuss:
- Part 1: The Price of Overheating Motors
- Part 2: Predictive Maintenance with Continuous Temperature Monitoring
- Part 3: What Other Predictive Maintenance Strategies Can and Cannot Do
- Part 4: Wireless, Battery-Free Temperature Sensors for Protecting Industrial Equipment
- Part 5: The Elements of a Predictive Maintenance Solution from RFMicron
Carefully Monitor for Overheating
A mechanical plant’s productivity relies on keeping all the many moving parts running, which is dependent on the health of the plant’s electric motors. In the past, motors were specified at power levels well above the needs of the plant, greatly reducing the risk of motor failure and allowing for a long motor life. But this strategy is not energy-efficient. To run efficiently and save on electricity costs, today’s motors are closely matched to their power requirements. Unfortunately, this makes motors much more susceptible to overheating. As such, motors need to be carefully managed to avoid thermal overloads that damage the motor’s insulation and lead to premature aging and motor burnout.
Causes of Motor Damage
Locked shaft conditions, high inertial loads, single-phasing, and under-voltage problems can all damage a motor. Each of these conditions lead to overheating, which can both cause damage to the insulation and damage to the motor itself. When insulation is damaged, it increases the risk of further motor damage down the road. Under these conditions, bearings can also be damaged due to lubrication failure.
The Problem With Starting and Stopping
Frequent starts and stops are a common danger to motors. Starting an induction motor creates a rush of current 10 to 20 times greater than what the motor experiences during normal use, causing hot spots that can damage windings or insulation. It is important to wait for the motor to cool down sufficiently before restarting. The consequences of starting the motor when it’s too hot can cause permanent damage to insulation and/or windings which may result in costly repairs or even replacing the motor.
What Are the Risks?
Severe motor damage is likely if an electric motor exceeds its temperature limit by even a few degrees. Running 10°C above its rated temperature cuts a motor’s lifespan in half. When it comes to such expensive equipment, you don’t want to have to buy a replacement sooner than you expected. This equipment is a significant investment, and you want it to keep operating smoothly for as long as possible, ideally over its rated operating life. It’s also important to avoid motor failures that could lead to lengthy, unexpected downtime. Any time the line is down is wasted time, cutting into the plant’s profit.
When it comes to motors, overheating can be costly. It’s important to take steps to prevent overheating from occurring.
Read the next post in our five-part series to learn how temperature monitoring can become part of your maintenance strategy.
1Image sourced from: https://e2e.ti.com/blogs_/b/motordrivecontrol/archive/2016/04/22/how-to-detect-insulation-failures-in-electrical-equipment-part-1 on Nov 10, 2017.
To learn more about the RFMicron’s wireless predictive maintenance system, download our user guide and white paper at https://axzon.com/wireless-predictive-maintenance-system/.